A cookie is an innocuous text file that is stored in your internet browser when you visit almost any web page. The purpose of the cookie is that the internet browser shall be able to remember your visit when you return to a web page. Although many people do not know, cookies have been used for over 20 years, when the first internet browsers were released for the World Wide Web.
WHAT IS A COOKIE NOT?
A cookie is not a virus, or a Trojan, or a worn, or spam, or spyware, and does not open pop-up windows.
WHAT INFORMATION IS STORED BY A COOKIE?
Cookies do not usually store sensitive information about you, such as credit cards or bank details, photographs, your ID number or other personal information, etc. The information stored by a cookie is technical information, personal preferences, customisation of contents, etc.
The web server does not associate the cookie to you personally, but rather to your web browser. In fact, if you habitually surf the web via Internet Explorer and you try to surf the web via Firefox or Chrome, you’ll see that the web does not realise that you are the same person because in reality the cookies are associated to the internet browser, and not the person.
¿WHAT TYPES OF COOKIES EXIST?
- Technical cookies: These are the most basic cookies and enable, among other things, to detect when a human being or an automated or computerised application is surfing the web, when an anonymous user or a registered user is on the web, basic tasks for the functioning of any dynamic website.
- Analysis cookies: Compile information regarding the type of browsing that is being carried out, the sections that are most used, products queried, time zone in which the internet is used, language, etc.
- Advertising cookies: Display advertising depending upon internet browsing activities, the country of origin, language, etc.
WHAT ARE PRIVATE COOKIES AND THIRD PARTY COOKIES?
Private cookies are the cookies that are generated by the website that you are browsing and third party cookies are the cookies that are generated by external services or suppliers such as Facebook, Twitter, Google, etc.
WHAT HAPPENS IF I DEACTIVATE THE COOKIES?
So that you can understand the implications of the deactivation of the cookies, please find some examples below:
- You would not be able to share content from this web site through Facebook, Twitter or any other social network.
- The website would not be able to adapt the content to your personal preferences, as usually happens when visiting online stores.
- You would not be able to access the personal area of this web site, such as, for example, My account, My profile or My orders.
- Online stores: You would not be able to carry out purchases online, and they would have to be carried out via telephone or by visiting the physical store, if available.
- It shall not be possible to personalise your geographic preferences such as time zone, currency or language.
- The website shall not be able to carry out web analytics in relation to visitors and web traffic, which may hinder the competitiveness of the web.
- You would not be able to write in the blog, you would not be able to upload photos, publish comments, evaluate or grade the content thereof. The web would also not be able to know whether you are a human being or a computer application that publishes spam.
- Targeted advertising would not be able to be displayed, which would reduce the advertising revenue for the website.
CAN THE COOKIES BE DELETED?
Yes. And not only deleted, but also blocked, whether that be in general or for a specific domain.
In order to delete the cookies of a website you must modify the settings of your internet browser. You will be able to find the cookies associated with the domain and then delete them.
CONFIGURATION OF COOKIES FOR THE MOST POPULAR INTERNET BROWSERS
You can find how how to access a specific cookie via the internet browser Chrome below. Note: these steps may vary depending upon the version of the internet browser:
- Go to Settings or Preferences through the File menu or by clicking on the customisation icon at the top right.
- You will see different sections, click on Advanced options.
- Go to Privacy, Content settings.
- Click on All cookies and site information.
- A list of all of the stored cookies shall be displayed ordered by domain name. In order to find the cookies of a specific domain, enter either the partial or complete address in the field Search for cookies.
- After this filter has been applied, one or several lines with the cookies of the requested web site shall be displayed. Now, you simply need to select and click on the “X” in order to delete the cookie.
In order to access the cookies setting from the internet browser Internet Explorer follow these steps (these steps may vary depending upon the version of the internet browser):
- Go to Tools, Internet Options
- Click on Privacy.
- Move the slide button to adjust the level of privacy that you want.
In order to access the cookies configuration from the Firefox internet browser, follow these steps (these steps may vary depending upon the version of the internet browser):
- Go to Options or Preferences, depending upon your operating system.
- Click on Privacy.
- In Historical Log select Use a personalised settings for the historical log.
- You shall now see the option Accept cookies, which you can activate or deactivate, depending upon your preferences.
In order to access the cookies configuration from the internet browser Safari for OSX, follow these steps (these steps may vary depending upon the version of the internet browser):
- Go to Preferences, then Privacy.
- You will see the option Block cookies in order to adjust the type of block to that which you want.
In order to access the cookies settings from the Internet browser Safari for iOS, follow these steps (these steps may vary depending upon the version of the internet browser):
- Go to Tools, then Safari.
- Go to Privacy and Security, where you’ll see the option Block cookies in order to adjust the type of block to that which you want.
In order to access the cookies settings for Android devices, follow these steps (these steps may vary depending upon the version of the internet browser):
- Open the internet browser and click on the Menu button, then Tools.
- Go to Security and Privacy, where you’ll see the option Accept cookies in order to activate or deactivate the box.
In order to access the cookies settings for Windows Phone devices, follow these steps (these steps may vary depending upon the version of the internet browser):
- Open Internet Explorer, then More, then Settings
- Now you can activate or deactivate the box Permit cookies.